54 Slade Road, Bardwell Park, NSW 2207 | (02) 9556 2000
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Patient 1 (MO 1) is a busy surgeon with a hectic lifestyle but decided it was time to:

  • Protect his teeth from the damage done by grinding (Bruxism), a Pathology
  • Regain Function and
  • Improve Aesthetics

This patient exhibited (see fig. 1):

  1. Excessive tooth wear
  2. Yellow discolouration and
  3. Missing teeth

His whole mouth was reconstructed (see fig. 2) with:

  1. Composite Crowns
  2. Composite Bridges and
  3. a Valplast flexible denture

This resulted in:

  • Improved smile
  • Profile, as well as
  • Function (see figs. 3,4,5 & 6)




Figures 1 & 2 show implant with fibre/composite bridge


Figures 3 & 4 show placement of lower fibre re inforced composite bridge


Figures 5 & 6 before and after treatment


Figures 7 & 8 show improvement in lip support

Patient 2 (MO 2) had one Implant placed 15 years ago at our practice (fig, 1), had moved interstate and lost many teeth due to Gum Disease(fig. 5). The stresses of being a family solicitor may have contributed to her Oral Pathology

On her return it was decided to retain her remaining teeth and reconstruct the lower teeth with fibre reinforced Composite Bridgework (fig. 4) and the upper teeth with a double cantilever fibre reinforced composite bridge on the implant(fig. 2) and a flexible Valplast denture (figs. 6 & 11)


Figures 9 & 10 show the importance of teeth to appearance and confidence


Figure 11 show functional and aesthetic restoration of maxilla with retention on one implant


This patient exhibited the signs of severe grinding (Bruxism) namely lost Vertical Dimensionand loss of all the Enamel on chewing surfaces (figs. 1,2,5,& 7). Because tooth wear happens gradually it may not be noticed until very late

  1. Gold pins
  2. GlassIonomer bases and
  3. Composite Crowns were used in this reconstruction

In such situations it is imperative that protective night-time Splints be worn to prevent a reoccurence of the damage


Figures 1 & 2 show amount of wear from parafunctional day and night clenching and grinding. Note the loss of enamel from the biting surfaces and thewidening of the teeth as they get  closer to the gum. Also, note the Reparative Dentineon all teeth and the exposed nerve (arrow) where the speed of tooth wear was greater than the of nerve repair


Figures 3 & 4 after restoration with composite crowns


Figures 5 & 6 show restoration of the original tooth length


Figures 7 & 8 show importance of teeth


This patient is an actor and was not happy with:

  1. the appearance of his teeth and
  2. having to wear Partial Dentures

A solution was found with:

  1. Composite Crowns and
  2. Composite Bridges


Figures 1 & 2 before and after


Figures 3 & 4 show replacement of amalgams and tooth build ups in composite. Also see cantilever composite bridge at top right


Figures 5 & 6 before and after

Mishapen, missing and worn teeth were reconstructed with composite crowns and bridges. Vertical height was also increased slightly to improve the Lower Facial Height and Facial Profile



Figure 1 shows excessive wear from grinding

Although this patient is young his strong night time grinding  (Bruxism) has resulted in:

  1. severly worn front teeth
  2. loss of Vertical Dimension

The lower facial height and the teeth were restored by building up the teeth with Composite Crowns

Dentists will usually recommend the wearing of night Splints to prevent such wear


Figure 2 shows improvement in appearance after restoration of teeth with composite crowns



Figures 1 & 2 show before and after treatment

Grinding over the years resulted in:

  1. A negative or reverse Smile an
  2. Loss of Lower Facial Height which was restored with Composite Crowns



Figure 1 initial presentation

This patient enquired if any thing can be done about (fig. 1):

  1. Unevenly worn teeth (Pathology)
  2. Missing teeth (Function)
  3. Dicolouration (Aesthetic)

With Co-Planning this patients main problems were identified and discussed

Treatment option were presented and it was decided to attend to all three issues by placing Composite Crowns on many teeth


Figure 2 shows composite crowns

The bite had collapsed due to:

  1. The removal of ten teeth (Upper Right 8,7,5 Upper Left 7,6,4  Lower Left 8,6 and Lower Right 8 and 5) with subseqent tlting and
  2. Uneven grinding (Bruxism)

The bite was opened up at the first appointment with Glass Ionomerwhile the upper front teeth were restored with composite crowns and a cantilever Composite Bridge at the upper left 4 site


Figures 3,4,5 & 6 show noticeable improvement in lip support after treatment (right)

Note the improvement to the lips with the increased support provided by the crowns and the increased Vertical Dimension


Figures 7 & 8 Note the improvement in smile from a “reverse” curve on the left to a more “positive” curve that tends to reflect the curve of the lower lip


Figures 9 & 10 Restoration to a more relaxed and comfortable Smile

As with all cases of parafunctional Grinding a night splint was recommended


This patient had many dental issues:

  1. Extremely deep bite (fig.1) with resulting:
    • damage to the tissues of the palate
    • wear of the roots of the lower front teeth  (fig. 2) and
    • gum stripping (figs. 1&2)
  2. Moderate to severe Overcrowding
  3. Gingivitis
  4. Decay under some old Amalgam fillings
  5. Absess under upper right 5 tooth
  6. Cracks in dentine under amalgam fillings
  7. Missing lower right molar
  8. Discolouration
  9. Difficulty Smiling comfortably for many years


Figures 1 & 2 show crowding, extremely deep bite and tooth damage

Option 1. Involved opening up the bite and improving the appearance withLaser Crown Lenghthening,Composite Crownswith or without an Implant (lower molar)

Option 2. Required Orthodontic banding for over two years followed by bleaching and re assessment as to whether gum surgery and Veneers would be rquired

The patient chose option 1.

Laser crown lengthening was performed on some teeth followed by removal of all old fillings and replacement with composite crowns at a new Vertical Height. Root Canal Therapy was performed on UR5 and a cantilever Composite Fibre Reinforced Bridge replaced the missing molar

This attended to Pathology, restored Function and improved Aesthetics —   both the smile and the profile


Figures 3 & 4 Pre treatment upper (left) and lower (right) teeth


Figures 5 & 6 Post treatment upper (left) and lower (right) teeth


Figures 7 & 8 show improvement in smile


Figures 9 & 10 A much more relaxed smile


This patient owns and runs a beauty and health spa in Canberra and was keen to improve her Gum and dentition

The issues identified at appointment one were:

  1. Parafunctional grinding (Bruxism) resulting in Enamel loss and uneven wear of teeth (fig. 1)
  2. Cross bite of lower right teeth (figs. 1&7)
  3. Crowding of lower teeth (figs. 4 & 7)
  4. Missing both upper canines (figs. 1,2,3,7 & 8)
  5. Midline shift to left (fig. 2)
  6. Heavily restored lower molar teeth (fig4)
  7. Discolouration


Figure 1 Pre treatment note amongst other issues the crossbite of canine and premolar at left


Figure 2 after laser crown lengthening


Figures 3,4,5 & 6 before and after. Upper teeth left and lower teeth right

After Co-Planning where the patients dental issues were fully discussed and options given the patient opted for full mouth composite reconstruction

At appointment two all restorations present were removed and replaced some with Composite Fillings and others with Composite Crowns (figs. 5,6,7 & 11)in order to open the bite. A Fibre Reinforced Composite Bridge (figs. 5 & 10)replaced the left missing canine


Figure7 post treatment


Figure 7, 8, 9 and 10


The patient was very happy to get all the work done in one visit and drove back to Canberra after her appointment

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